5:1 FOR EVERY high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in things relating to God, to offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins.
1. Lev 21:10 states that the high priest shall be taken from his brethren, of the tribe of Levi, and of the family of Aaron.
2. He presided in the worship of God referring to offerings or gifts, and sacrifices.
a. This was an acknowledgment that God was the creator and giver of good things, and had sacrifices offered to Him to make atonement for sin.
2 He is able to exercise gentleness and forbearance toward the ignorant and erring, since he himself also is liable to moral weakness and physical infirmity.
1. He’s still talking about the high priest of the old covenant.
3 And because of this he is obliged to offer sacrifice for his own sins, as well as for those of the people.
1. Since this high priest is also subject to weakness, and unable to perfectly observe the law, he must offer sacrifices for sin, not only for the people, but also for himself.
4 Besides, one does not appropriate for himself the honor [of being high priest], but he is called by God and receives it of Him, just as Aaron did.
1. Thos position is one of honor because the high priest of God is appointed by God himself to that office.
5 So too Christ (the Messiah) did not exalt Himself to be made a high priest, but was appointed and exalted by Him Who said to Him, You are My Son; today I have begotten You; [Ps 2:7.]
1. Jesus, the Christ, the Messiah, did not exalt himself, but was appointed by God to that office of High Priest of the whole human race.
6 As He says also in another place, You are a Priest [appointed] forever after the order (with the rank) of Melchizedek. [Ps 110:4.]
1. The other place is Ps. 110:4, a psalm of much importance predicting the birth, preaching, suffering, death, and victories of the Messiah.
2. Melchizedek: who this person was still remains a secret.
3. We know nothing more of him than is written in Gen 14:18, where this mysterious person is represented as a type of Christ.
7 In the days of His flesh [Jesus] offered up definite, special petitions [for that which He not only wanted but needed] and supplications with strong crying and tears to Him Who was [always] able to save Him [out] from death, and He was heard because of His reverence toward God [His godly fear, His piety, in that He shrank from the horrors of separation from the bright presence of the Father].
8 Although He was a Son, He learned [active, special] obedience through what He suffered
1. Jesus submitted to whatever the law required, because he was a mortal man, and he was made perfect: he finished his work here by dying.
2. Men fear death because of lies beyond the grave; they have sinned and are afraid to meet their Judge.
3. Jesus had no fear on these grounds but was suffering for man; and now Christ is to destroy death by agonizing and dying.
4. The tortures and torments necessary for this, Jesus alone could feel.
5. His prayers, as our Mediator, were answered; and his sufferings and death were complete as our sacrifice for sin.
6. There are three degrees of prayer: prayer made in silence; crying, with a loud voice; and the prayer that surpasses all; with tears.
a. Jesus made every species of prayer.
7. Vs. 8: save “him” from death: “him” probably implies the collective body of mankind; Heb 2:14 the children who were partakers of flesh and blood; Heb 2:16 the seed of Abraham, who through fear of death were all their life subject to bondage.
8. Jesus Christ, in the days of his flesh was incarnated that he might redeem the ssed of Abraham, the fallen race of man.
a. Christ’s passion and sacrifice were accepted, the sting of death was extracted, and Satan was dethroned.
9 And, [His completed experience] making Him perfectly [equipped], He became the Author and Source of eternal salvation to all those who give heed and obey Him, [Isa 45:17.]
1. Having finished all, having died and risen again, having the goal to make the spirits of just men perfect.
2. He became the cause of eternal salvation to all who obey Him.
3. He was consecrated both high priest and sacrifice by his work on the cross.
4. It is not merely believers, but obedient believers, that shall be finally saved.
a. The sinner must, through that grace of God, repent, turn from sin, believe on Jesus as a sufficient ransom and sacrifice for his soul, receive the gift of the Holy Spirit, be a worker together with Him, and continue faithful unto the end.
10 Being designated and recognized and saluted by God as High Priest after the order (with the rank) of Melchizedek. [Ps 110:4.]
1. This was a public declaration on the part of the Father that he accepted the sacrifice Jesus offered and through Him God would pardon sinners and His Son’s government, Jesus as King, would be eternal, and His position as High Priest was also eternal.
11 Concerning this we have much to say which is hard to explain, since you have become dull in your [spiritual] hearing and sluggish [even slothful in achieving spiritual insight].
1. Hard to explain: Christ being constituted a priest and his paying for the sins of the whole world, thereby opening the kingdom of heaven to all believers and giving entrance to the holy of holies by his blood.
2. Dull of hearing: Many called to be Christians are always learning and rarely able to come to the full knowledge of truth.
12 For even though by this time you ought to be teaching others, you actually need someone to teach you over again the very first principles of God's Word. You have come to need milk, not solid food.
1. They had heard the Gospel for years, had professed to be Christians for a long time, having been well instructed in divine things and not yet able to instruct others.
2. You need to be taught again, a second time, because you have forgotten that teaching.
3. Babies, infants need milk, adults need solid food.
4. Spiritual adults are those who are capable of instruction, and have exercised their senses to discern both good & evil.
5. Babies or infants on milk are:
a. dull of hearing, inexperienced in the doctrine of righteousness.
6. Adults on solid food are:
a. Wise, prudent and have their senses properly exercised.
13 For everyone who continues to feed on milk is obviously inexperienced and unskilled in the doctrine of righteousness (of conformity to the divine will in purpose, thought, and action), for he is a mere infant [not able to talk yet]!
14 But solid food is for full-grown men, for those whose senses and mental faculties are trained by practice to discriminate and distinguish between what is morally good and noble and what is evil and contrary either to divine or human law.
1. Refer to Rom 12:2 Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is – His good, pleasing and perfect will.
2. Solid food: knowing, understanding, and receiving Christ’s completed work on the cross, justification by faith, the baptism of the Holy Spirit: Learning to walk in the gifts and direction of the Spirit.
3. Learning to walk as Jesus walked in divine favor and filled with the Holy Spirit.